Also known as the Malabar plum, or black plum, the fruit of the Java plum tree is valued for culinary and medicinal applications.
The distinctive black fruit of the java plum tree is rich in plant compounds that may have various health benefits when used as dietary supplements.
Java plums are described as resembling damson with a sweet and acidic flavor, and they are widely used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine to treat infections, colds, and diabetes.
For centuries, practitioners of traditional medicine (particularly Ayurveda) used the fruit and seeds of the java fruit tree to treat various ailments, ranging from mild infections to chronic diseases. While it may not be officially approved to treat any medical conditions, many studies show that supplementing with java plums has many potential health benefits.
These studies have found that Java plum benefits blood sugar levels and digestive health and has antioxidant effects, which may help treat various health conditions when used as a supplement. In this article, we’ll review the benefits, potential side effects, and recommended dosage of java plum supplements to help you make the most of this promising herbal supplement.
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What are Java Plums?
Java plum (Syzygium cumini) is an evergreen tree native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, prized for its fruit, timber, and ornamental value. It is also known as Malabar plum, jambolana, or jamun (not to be confused with the Indian dessert Gulab jamun), though Java plum is the most commonly used name in English-speaking countries.
The wood from java plum trees is tough and water-resistant once kiln-fired, the plums are widely eaten or used to produce wine and vinegar, and the seeds are used in dietary supplements, making it an incredibly versatile crop. Java plums are oval-shaped, widely described as sweet or slightly acidic, and turn black as they ripen, giving them a unique appearance.
The trees can reach heights of up to 30 meters (98ft) and live more than 100 years, typically reaching full size within 40 years. Despite the many potential java plum benefits, the tree is considered an invasive species in many regions, including Florida, South Africa, and Hawaii, because it grows so quickly.